Biology, Eighth Edition (Raven)

Chapter 39: Plant Nutrition and Soils

Learning Outcomes

Chapter 39
  • Explain how plants use energy.
  • Differentiate between macronutrients and micronutrients in terms of identity, amounts required by plants, and their physiological importance.
  • Understand how soils differ in term of particle size and ability to hold water. Why is it necessary to fertilize soils in which crop plants are grown?
  • Describe how hydroponics may be used in understanding plant nutrition.
  • Describe the composition of soil and how it contributes to plant nutrition.
  • Describe two potential outcomes of an increase in atmospheric CO2.
  • Explain the process of symbiosis and describe several examples of symbiotic relationships.
  • Explain how symbiotic bacteria and fungi enhance plant growth.
  • Explain the nature and significance of phytoremediation.
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