Biology, Eighth Edition (Raven)

Chapter 6: Energy and Metabolism

Learning Outcomes

Chapter 6
  • Differentiate between kinetic and potential energy.
  • Describe how oxidation and reduction are interrelated in chemical reactions.
  • Understand The First Law of Thermodynamics and its impact on the amount of energy in the universe.
  • Understand The Second Law of Thermodynamics and its relation to entropy and enthalpy.
  • Explain the energy requirements of endergonic and exergonic reactions.
  • Describe the importance of activation energy and how it can be altered.
  • Explain the nature of enzymes and multi enzyme complexes, how they affect reactions, and the factors that affect their performance.
  • Define competitive inhibition, noncompetitive inhibition, and activation. Know how each relates to the allosteric site.
  • Understand the unique catalytic nature of and properties associated with ribozymes.
  • Understand the structure of ATP and how it is able to drive biological reactions.
  • Describe how a general biochemical pathway evolves over time
  • Catabolism is the opposite of anabolism
  • The rate of an enzymatic reaction decreases with time as enzyme molecules are used up during the reaction
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