Biology, Eighth Edition (Raven)

Chapter 8: Photosynthesis

Learning Outcomes

Chapter 8
  • State the overall equation for photosynthesis and explain why water is included on both sides.
  • Identify the locations for the light reactions and the Calvin cycle within a plant chloroplast.
  • Understand the discovery of the photosynthetic processes from an historical perspective.
  • Understand how light energy is packaged and how its absorption is related to wavelength.
  • Explain how electrons are captured by and transferred through the various molecules of a plant’s photocenter.
  • Describe cyclic photosynthesis in terms of the organisms in which it occurs, its energy capture molecules, and its energy yield in ATPs.
  • Understand how photosystem I and photosystem II in plants produce ATP and NADH.
  • Describe the Calvin cycle in plants. Include the significance of ATP and NADH and the ultimate product(s) of the reaction.
  • Understand how photorespiration affects C3 photosynthesis.
  • Compare C4 and CAM photosynthesis and how they combat photorespiration.
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