Question 1 refers to the following information.
In 1763, King George III of England forbade American colonists to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. England wanted American colonists to stay in the East to provide a ready market for English goods. George III also forbade the colonists to issue their own currency, and he forced them to pay for England’s debts.
As England tightened its control over the American colonies, the colonists started to resist. In December 1773, a group of colonists led by Sam Adams disguised themselves as Native Americans. They dumped British-owned tea into Boston Harbor to protest British control of the American economy. Resistance to George III grew and, in April 1775, British soldiers exchanged shots with American colonists.
Question 2 refers to the following information.
Three general characteristics of culture stand out in different societies around the world. First, cultural solutions to identical problems show great variation from one society to the next. Second, unless subject to internal strains or externally imposed changes, cultures tend to become consistent and integrated. This tendency is especially apparent in relatively isolated societies. Finally, cultural standards are relative: Judgments concerning morality, beauty, logic, propriety (what is proper), and the like are meaningful only within the culture involved.
Questions 3 and 4 refer to the following information.
Listed below are the names and descriptions of five international organizations.
UN (United Nations)—organization established as a welfare agency, a police authority, and a forum for international disputes.OAS (Organization of American States)—organization made up of the United States and 24 Latin American Nations.NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)—military alliance of the United States, Canada, and Western European nations.SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization)—organization including the United States and seven other nations committed to stopping the spread of communism in Southeast Asia.OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries)—group of oil-producing countries that tries to control oil prices.
Question 5 refers to the following graph.
Question 6 refers to the following information.
Regardless of size or location, all societies must keep social order. Cultures have their own rules and methods for enforcing them. However, the kinds of rules and customs needed to keep social order, who makes them, and how they are enforced vary from one culture to another.
Some cultures use a trial by ordeal to judge whether a person accused of violating a rule is guilty or innocent. The Ainu of Japan have the accused person remove stones from a pot of boiling water. If the stones are removed without injury to the hands of the accused, he or she is considered innocent. If the accused is injured during the trial, he or she is judged guilty.
Ridicule has also been used as a method to maintain social order. Tasmanians might make a person who breaks a rule sit in a tree while other tribe members gather around to tease and ridicule the offender. Colonial Americans also used public humiliation as punishment for certain crimes. Guilty persons were fastened into stocks in the public square while passersby made fun of them.
Questions 7 and 8 refer to the following chart.
Question 9 refers to the following map.