According to , the stage of life we call adolescence is primarily defined by society's official recognition of an individual's status as a child, adolescent, or adult.
laws were enacted to keep youths out of the job market.
The term arose around the middle of the 1900s, and was used to describe youth who spent a newfound affluence on frivolous activities and products, such as cosmetics and cars.
Very recently, some argue that the extension of the time before an individual becomes an adult has created a post-adolescent phase of .
When adolescents gain the right to own property, and control their own income they have experienced a change in their status.
are used to signify the adolescent's transition into adulthood.
During the transition into adulthood in traditional cultures, there is usually real or symbolic separation from one's parents, called .
In some cultures, religious ceremonies signal the transition to adulthood, such as the Jewish .
Ceremonies that involve require the youth to receive cuts or incisions to various parts of the body, which serve to signify one's adult status to others.
In the U.S., the most visible social redefinition ceremony experienced by most adolescents is the .
are those in which the adolescent assumes adult roles all at once.
Other industrialized countries still employ , in which youth are trained for adult occupational roles before they take on such roles.
believed that self-concept, or identity, of youth is created by growing self-awareness and feedback from society.
Social problems are - they spread from individual to individual.
is the extent to which neighbors trust each other, share common values, and can count on each other to monitor the activities of youth in the community.
Approximately of the youth population in the U.S. are in minority groups.
Prior to the , the primarily agricultural society of the U.S. viewed children as miniature adults.
While children may commit , and adolescents may come into contact with the juvenile justice system, after a certain age youth who commit crimes will be handled by the adult courts and corrections system.
Foreign-born adolescent have better mental health, exhibit less problem behavior, and perform better in school than adolescents in the same ethnic group who are born in America.
With industrialization, it became more important for youth to learn that couldn't be handed down from parents.