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Which of the following is the most accurate description of a well-defined problem for a business report?
A)The problem is real and can be researched within the budget available.
B)The problem is narrow enough to be covered by one report, and is sophisticated enough that experts will be needed to provide and interpret the research data.
C)The problem is serious enough to be worth solving, aimed at readers who can implement the action recommended, and can be researched using the data and evidence available.
D)The problem affects more than one area of the company's operations, will cost less to fix than it would cost if it were allowed to continue, and can be corrected using the company's existing resources.
Applications to your college have dropped by 5% from last year's level, and your student group has been asked to investigate and report on its findings. An accurate definition of the problem would
A)Enable your group to find an effective solution.
B)Be difficult to achieve until after you conduct research to find out why applications are falling.
C)Depend on how willing you think the college administration is to follow any recommendations your group makes.
D)Focus on the most obvious causes, such as a recent increase in fees.
All of the following are examples of secondary research sources EXCEPT
A)Articles from an online database.
B)Peer-reviewed articles from a professional journal.
C)Company annual reports.
D)Results from your survey of customers.
You can assume that the top results from a Google topic search will be the best ones to use for your research.
When you're evaluating a research source, you should always reject any information that isn't current, defined as data from about the past decade.
If you find five different Web pages that give the same information about a topic you're researching, you should
A)Cite all five of them in your report.
B)Use only one of them for your report, choosing the one that gives the most complete information.
C)Not cite any of them, since the same information on five different sites would be considered "common knowledge."
D)Cite two or three of them, to verify that you researched that aspect of the topic thoroughly, but not all five.
In a questionnaire, where should you put a question asking about the respondent's income level?
A)Near the beginning, to gather demographic data before starting to ask about the topic of the survey.
B)Before the question(s) that would likely be most affected by respondents' income level.
C)Before easier questions, in order to alleviate respondents' concerns about having to reveal their income.
D)Near the end, since respondents may be unwilling to answer but would still fill out earlier parts of the questionnaire.
When you're choosing a judgment sample for a survey, you are choosing
A)A sample size that you judge would be representative of the population as a whole.
B)People whose views would be particularly valuable for the topic of your survey.
C)People who would be acceptable to the company that commissioned the survey.
D)A sample size that you would be able to reach within the budget allowed for the survey.
When you have a great deal of information for a report, you should
A)Leave out any information that does not directly support your recommendation(s) or conclusion(s).
B)Group the information into three to seven categories, regardless of how large each category is.
C)Group the information into as many logical categories as the data requires, keeping each category short.
D)Put most of the information into appendixes so you can keep the report itself short.
When you are using a pro-and-con pattern to discuss different alternatives, the information that comes second will carry more psychological weight.
Paraphrasing a source is the same thing as summarizing it.
Which of the following is the most accurate definition of plagiarism?
A)Deliberately using someone else's ideas or expression without acknowledging the source.
B)Using someone else's exact words without putting them in quotation marks.
C)Any unacknowledged use of someone else's ideas or expression, whether it is done deliberately or unintentionally.
D)Failing to acknowledge the source of ideas or expression taken from printed works.
A Creative Commons license on a creator's material
A)Means the creator wants his or her information to be freely available for anyone to use, without any copyright restrictions.
B)Is not valid in Canada for Canadian researchers.
C)Is a different type of copyright license, but is just as rigid as an "all rights reserved" copyright.
D)Allows others to use the creator's material without permission only in the way(s) the creator specifies.

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