Biology, Eighth Edition (Raven)

Chapter 4: Cell Structure

Learning Outcomes

Chapter 4
  • Understand why most cells are small in size.
  • Describe the function and the composition of the plasma membrane.
  • Explain the principles of the cell theory.
  • Differentiate between prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
  • Understand the importance of the nucleus and its components.
  • Differentiate between rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum both in structure and function.
  • Understand how the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus interact with one another and know with which other organelles they are associated.
  • Differentiate between the two energy- producing organelles of eukaryotes.
  • Identify the three primary components of the cell’s cytoskeleton and how they affect cell shape, function, and movement.
  • Compare and contrast bacterial flagella with eukaryotic flagella and cilia.
  • Know how plant cells are fundamentally different from other kinds of cells.
  • Compare the extracellular matrix of animal cells with the cell walls of plants.
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