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Practice Test
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Clustering is an activity that some writers use to
A)Generate ideas.
B)Create a list of reviewers.
C)Analyze their audience.
D)Build a checklist of things to review when they're editing.
Which of the following is NOT a clue that an executive (for example, the CEO of a company you are considering as an investment, or perhaps the president of your own company) might not be telling the truth about the latest quarter's earnings?
A)Presenting competitors in an unfavourable light.
B)Speaking in general terms rather than giving specifics.
C)Using inflated language in descriptions.
D)Using passive constructions and third person phrases extensively.
If you have done thorough, detailed planning before beginning a writing project, you should be able to skip the revising and editing steps later on.
A storyboard is a type of outline.
Reading something aloud will help you proofread more effectively.
Why are reports written in a more formal style that avoids contractions and personal pronouns and spells out acronyms and abbreviations?
A)Because they might be included as evidence in a legal proceeding.
B)Because they could be read by so many different people, sometimes years in the future.
C)Because the audience would almost always include senior executives.
D)Because the discourse communities that typically write reports (such as engineers and accountants) prefer more formal, precise language.
If someone says: "We will be following these new expense reporting procedures going forward," the phrase "going forward" could be seen as
A)An indication that the new rules are permanent and you won't be "going backward" to the old system.
B)An overused cliché that adds little information to the message.
C)A businesslike term that indicates the speaker intends to be taken seriously.
D)A thoughtful effort to make sure everyone understands that the procedure is really changing.
The terms "rich customer" and "discerning client"
A)Have a different connotation.
B)Convey the same meaning.
C)Have a different denotation.
D)Both project a positive impression.
Putting your readers in your sentences (by using the second-person pronoun "you") is a good way to
A)Deflect their attention away from your company when you're delivering bad news.
B)Convince readers that you deserve another chance if you've made an error.
C)Show a culturally diverse audience that you treat everyone equally.
D)Make your writing easier to read.
When youare writing for the Web, you should put the main point up front, then follow with details.
When youare writing for the Web, how quickly do you need to capture readers' attention?
A)Two seconds.
B)Ten seconds.
C)Four seconds.
D)Fifteen seconds.
If you ask your co-worker Steve to give you feedback on a document, he might address all of the following questions with you EXCEPT:
A)How many hours did you spend on the actual writing?
B)Is your pattern of organization effective?
C)Is the message adapted to your audience(s)?
D)Are there any problems with your word choice or sentence structure?
If one of your reviewers gives you harsh feedback that makes you feel defensive, what should you do?
A)Talk to the reviewer and explain what you meant in the places where she obviously didn't understand.
B)Send the reviewer a link to a third-party document that explains how to give constructive feedback.
C)Put the reviewer's comments aside for awhile, until you can read them without feeling defensive.
D)Make a mental note never to ask that reviewer for comments again because the feedback isn't helpful.

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