Biology, Eighth Edition (Raven)

Chapter 58: The Biosphere

Learning Outcomes

Chapter 58
  • Understand how the overall characteristics of the major biomes change as one travels farther away from the equator or as one ascends from sea level.
  • Describe how environments vary from one area to another.
  • Explain how organisms adapt to environmental change.
  • Understand how the sun, earth’s rotation, continental geography, and wind circulation patterns combine to produce major climatic trends.
  • Compare the eight major biomes in terms of overall productivity, species diversity, general climate, and precipitation.
  • Understand how oceanic habitats affect species diversity.
  • Describe the major zones of the oceans and the types of organisms that can be found in each.
  • Explain how bodies of fresh water are layered and the importance of seasonal overturns.
  • Differentiate between oligotrophic and eutrophic lakes.
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