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Prewriting Practice Exercise
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Read each statement below and select the choice that best completes the statement.

The prewriting method used to record ideas in loosely constructed sentences and paragraphs is:
C)focused freewriting.
D)drawing a subject tree.
Brainstorming is a prewriting process that:
A)is always engaged in alone.
B)uses the journalist's questions.
C)results in the mapping of major ideas, minor ideas, and details.
D)always produces an outline on which the writer can construct a rough draft.
Mapping and webbing are synonymous with:
B)drawing a subject tree
The journalist's questions are most often used during a process known as:
D)drawing a subject tree
Drawing a subject tree includes:
A)starting with a broad, general subject
B)dividing ideas and facts into various headings and categories
C)subdividing larger headings so as to generate specific details
D)all of the above
Summarizing is a process by which a writer can:
A)put another writer's ideas into his or her own words
B)add details to a paragraph he or she finds useful
C)quote another person's work word for word
D)combine his or her words with another writer's
When interviewing someone, it is always useful to:
A)come to the interview without prepared questions
B)arrive at the subject's office without an appointment
C)keep the purpose of the interview secret
D)send your subject a copy of the questions you plan to ask ahead of time
When summarizing information in your paper, you must:
A)reproduce the original material word for word
B)credit the source of the information
C)never mention the author from whom you took the information
D)make sure your summary is longer than the original
Clustering is a way to:
A)research written material
B)interview someone who has expert knowledge
C)gather information by using free association and diagramming
D)list information
Focused freewriting usually results in:
A)diagrams that help you distinguish between major and minor ideas
B)paragraphs that need little revising or editing before they appear in full-length paper
C)notes randomly spread over a sheet of paper
D)loosely constructed paragraphs
Brainstorming uses questions that begin with words like "Who," "What," and "Where." Such questions are known as:
A)the writer's questions
B)the editor's questions
C)information gathering prompts
D)the journalist's questions
Summarizing is a way to put another writer's ideas into your own words. It
A)is shorter and more compact than the original
B)includes both major and minor ideas
C)always includes words and phrases quoted from the original
D)is about the same length as the original.
Interviewing involves all of the following except
A)Thinking of appropriate questions ahead of time
B)Asking questions like those used by journalists
C)Giving the person you are interviewing a written copy of questions
D)Drawing a subject tree
Listing in involves all of the following except
A)recording what you think is most important, startling, or obvious about your subject.
B)being careful to include as many details as you can when you first start out
C)revising an original list of information several times to add more details
D)starting with a short list of three or four broad topics.
Focused freewriting involves
A)Writing the general topic in the middle of a page, then arranging related ideas and details around that topic.
B)Recording three or four broad details that come to mind as you first think about the subject.
C)Writing nonstop for 5 or 10 minutes by recording information as it pops into your mind.
D)Working with friends or classmates to consider questions about a subject.

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