Biology, Eighth Edition (Raven)
Learning OutcomesChapter 54
- Understand the evolutionary importance of animal behavior.
- Distinguish between proximate and ultimate causation and give examples of each.
- Understand the integration of genetics and neurology with ethology.
- Differentiate among instincts, non-associative learned and associative learned behaviors.
- Understand the evolutionary limitations of learning, classical, and operant conditioning.
- Define imprinting and sensitive phase to explain how behaviors develop.
- Understand the complications associated with the determination of cognitive behaviors in animals.
- Explain how information is communicated among group members of non-human and humans.
- Give some examples to illustrate.
- Define migration and explain why and how migration patterns change over time.
- Discuss the concept of the stimulus/response chain as it relates to courtship behaviors. Explain why these behaviors are species specific. Give examples.
- Understand the genetic basis for behavior among eusocial insect societies.
- Define behavioral ecology. Understand its association with adaptive significance and fitness.
- Compare foraging behaviors of generalists and specialists and understand how the optimal foraging theory explains foraging efficiency.
- Explain the need for territoriality in animals and the economic risks associated with such behavior.
- Understand the associations between parental investment and mate choice and how these interactions affect the evolution of mating systems.
- Explain how sexual selection and secondary sexual characteristics affect reproductive competition.
- Explain how inclusive fitness is related kin selection and under what circumstances it can lead to altruistic behavior.
- Explain the benefits of engaging in reciprocal altruism
- Define sociobiology. Cite advantages and disadvantages of living in social groups.
- Compare the complexity of vertebrate societies with that of eusocial insects. Understand the value of such activities as cooperative breeding and alarm calling in vertebrate societies.